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More then one century ago, in 1894, Albert Michelson remarked that "most of the grand underlying principles have been firmly established" in physics and he quoted an ,,eminent scientist" (supposed to be Lord Kelvin) who has said that ,,all that remained were details of determining some numbers to a greater number of decimal places."
The history of physics noted that Kelvin himself, in 1900, remarks that "two clouds" were appearing on the horizon (properties of light's motion and radiation of heated objects), but, there was a general feeling that these where ,,mere details". The following book take into discussion these ,,firmly established principle" of physics and bring in front of common reader new perspective about them. From more then one century, physic suffers from mania of unification. First electric and magnetic phenomena were unified in Maxwell equations, which suppose to give a complete description of electromagnetism. Immediately the light was unified with electromagnetism and actually light represents a portion of this spectrum. Still physicists dream at a great unification of all forces in a single unitary description of phenomena. Of course a unification of a group of phenomena in a single and simple theory able to describe correct the phenomena is a useful thing. But nothing is more weird and absurd than running after false unification ....!
Experimentally, it is accepted the existence of four (or three) basic forces in nature. Two of them are very familiar: the electromagnetic force, and the gravitational force (as was presented this is a inertial force in ,,general relativity", so it is not a real force). The other two are manifesting at atom nucleus level. They are called ,,nuclear forces" and are the ,,weak" and the ,,strong" force. Further studies will focus on these nuclear forces and their ,,existence". In present book dedicated mainly to optic phenomena, light and electromagnetic waves are separated again in distinct and different phenomena of physics. Distinction between them must be done due to experimental facts which indicate the different nature of these phenomena and not only for the sake of having something to write. Further distinction must be made between electromagnetic waves and electric currents which again are different phenomena. As usually, some simple experiments are proposed in order to support these affirmations.
The experiments are dedicated to the quantum hypothesis, because physics turns in a wrong direction quite long times ago, when this hypothesis was accepted. For more then one century, theoreticians have worked hardly to fit quantum hypothesis with all fields of physics. For electrodynamics or atomic field, as example, it is unbelievable to describe a concept without quanta hypothesis. For other fields, like gravitation, there are some ,,difficulties", but there is the hope in a quantum theory of gravitation.
It is time to be reconsidered the reality of quanta hypothesis and for the future theoreticians it will be necessary at least to answer at some simple quanta experiments presented in actual book. For the proposed theory, the hypothesis of quanta action proposed by Planck is false and consequently atomic structure and light gain a simple and classical interpretation. In fact Plack did not believe in quanta existence. He proposed only a explanation for radiation emmited by heated bodies...
All actually wave interpretations of reflection, refraction, dispersion, diffraction, interference, polarization, etc. get a new and unique corpuscular explanation.