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Book Content

SORIN-CEZAR COŞOFREŢ

ATOMIC STRUCTURE

Editura  ELKADOT

-Iaşi, 2007-

www.pleistoros.com

www.elkadot.ro

Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naţionale a României

COŞOFREŢ, SORIN CEZAR

        Atomic structure / Sorin Cezar Coşofreţ. - Iaşi : Elkadot, 2007

        Bibliogr.

        ISBN 978-973-88407-3-7

539.18

ISBN 978-973-88407-3-7

Editura ELKADOT Iaşi

www.pleistoros.com

www.elkadot.ro

www.elkadot.eu

 

 

Contents

Introduction

1

The ten euro experiments

2

Chapter I Fundamental experiments in atomic physic

11

1.1 Davisson-Germer experiment

11

1.2 Scattering of high energy electrons

19

1.3 The Stern-Gerlach experiment

20

1.4 Space quantization and entanglement

27

1.5 Compton effect

33

1.6 Franck-Hertz experiment

38

1.7 The photoelectric effect

41

1.8 X-Ray spectra

44

1.9 Ionization energy

50

1.10 Blackbody radiation, electron diffraction and Heisenberg relations

58

Chapter II Atomic structure

59

2.1 Hydrogen atom structure

59

2.2 Law of forces and field structure in the theory of atom vortex

66

2.3 Angular and magnetic moments

70

2.4 Spin of “free” elementary particle

73

2.5 Structure of multielectron atoms

76

2.6 Zeeman effect

81

2.7 Building the periodic table

89

2.8 Periodicity low present and future

102

Chapter III Chemical bonds

105

3.1 Covalent bond

106

3.2 Coordinate (dative covalent) bond

135



3.3 Valence concept-Actual an proposed

147

3.4 Ionic bonds

150

3.5 Metallic bond

151

Chapter IV Electric property of matter

158

4.1 Direct current and alternate current

158

4.2 Conductors and insulators

167

4.3 Conductivity of materials at nanoscale dimensions

175

4.4 Semiconductor conduction

176

4.5 The Gunn effect and “Gunn” diode

182

4.6 Hall effect

184

4.7 Theory of super conductibility

187

4.8 Skin effect

198

4.9 Tunnel effect

200

4.10 Thermoelectric effect and contact potentials

201

4.11 Solution conductivity and electrolysis

203

Chapter V Magnetic property of matter

209

5.1 Magnetism of moving charge-Oersted experiments

209

5.2 Ampere’s law

212

5.3 Faraday’s law

216

5.4 Maxwell equations

218

5.5 Permanent magnetism

220

Chapter VI Further development-nuclear model

230

Bibliography

231

   
© 2017 All Rights Reserved Coșofreț Sorin Cezar

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